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非谓语动词的固定搭配

发布时间:2012-12-11 13:55:09作者:汤旻佳点击数:1,592

非谓语动词的固定搭配

                                           

宁波外事学校    林追巧

非谓语动词包括不定式,动名词和分词它们是高中的基础语法,也是高考必考内容,既是高考的热点又是高考的难点浏览一下2008年和2007年高考全国卷以及各省市英语试卷中的英语知识运用部分, 我们可以看出:考核动词的非谓语形式的题量很多, 但大部分是关于非谓语动词的固定搭配具体的相关题目如下:

08湖南)Susan wanted to be independent of her parents. She tried ____ alone,

but she didn’t like it and moved back home.

A.    living    B. to live      C. to be living     D. having lived

08江苏)--- They are quiet, aren’t they?

           --- Yes. They are accustomed ____________ at meals.

A. to talk   B. to not talk         C. to talking         D. to not talking

08陕西)The message is very important, so it is supposed         as soon as possible.

A. to be sent     B. to send      C. being sent     D. sending

08上海春季)As a new driver, I have to practise _________ the car in my small garage again and again

A. parking        B. to park     C. parked        D. park

08上海春季)Due to the heavy rain and flooding ,ten  million people have been forced ________their homes

A. leaving       B. to leave      C. to be left      D. being left

08上海春季)If we have illegal immigrants ________ in, many local workers will lose their jobs

A. came       B. coming      C. to come      D. having come

07北京)–Excuse me sir, where is Room 301?

           --Just a minute. I’ll have Bob _______ you to your room.

            A. show       B. shows        C. to show      D. showing

07重庆) Leonardo da Vinci (1452—1519) ________ birds kept in cages in order to have the pleasure of setting them free.

            A. is said to be buying        B. is said to have bought

            C. had said to buy           D. has said to have bought

07辽宁) The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported __________ the world record in the 110- meter hurdle race.

            A. breaking                 B. have broken

            C. to have broken            D. to break

07江苏) -- Can I smoke here?

            -- Sorry. We don’t allow _________ here.

            A. people smoking            B. people smoke

            C. to smoke                  D. smoking

07江苏) My parents have always made me ________ about myself, even when

I was twelve.

            A. feeling well              B. feeling good

            C. feel well                 D. feel good

07安徽) -- Robert is indeed a wise man.

            -- Oh, yes. How often I have regretted ________ his advice.

            A. to take       B. taking    C. not to take   D. not taking

07福建) Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English __________ in a short period.

            A. improved     B. improving  C. to improve    D. improve

07陕西) As a result of the serious flood, two thirds of the buildings in the area _________ .

            A. need repairing             B. needs to repair

            C. needs repair               D. need to repair

07全国卷II smell something _______ in the kitchen. Can I call you back in

a minute?

            A. burning      B. burnt      C. being burnt   D. to be burnt

( 参考答案 08:B D A A B B     07: A B C D D D A A A )

非谓语动词是高考的重点和难点,很多题目的关键在于动词的固定搭配,掌握常用的固定搭配对解答题目起着至关重要的作用本人拟将非谓语动词的固定搭配整理如下:

1. 动词后必须加sb.才能加to do 

V + sb. + to do: allow, permit, forbid,

advise, recommend, suggest 没有这种搭配)   

                 get ( make/ let/ have 也可以表示让或使某人做某事, 中间不能加to,即 make/ let/ have sb. do,但当改成被动时要加 to)

                 ask, tell, force, order, encourage, persuade, invite, inform,

remind, warn, teach, cause, require

2.动词和 to do 之间的 sb.可加可不加(根据意思选择使用sb., wish to do

表示希望自己做某事,wish sb. to do 表示希望别人做某事)

V + (sb.) + to do: wish, expect, want, need, beg

3. 动词后只能加 to do 

V + to do: offer, afford, learn, fail, set out, remain

long, hope,

            attempt, manage,  ( try 的用法见第5点 )   

            determine, decide, make up one's mind,

            promise, agree, refuse, 

            intend, plan, mean 的用法见第5

pretend,( to do 可根据需要变为  to be doing, to have done, to

be done, to have been done   

             would like/ love/ prefer, ( 注意有无 would 之间的区别,没有

would的用法见第5 )

             used to do, be used to do, ( 形似的词组还有 be used to doing,

4 )

             be said/ reported/ believed/ thought/ known, 这类词加 to do 的前提是主语为真正主语, to do 根据需要可变为 to be doing, to have done, to be done, to have been done;如果这类词的主语为形式主语it,则后面加 that 引导的主语从句

             happen, seem 用法如上,但动词必须用主动形式,而上面的

动词都是被动形式

4.动词后只能加 doing

V + doing: suggest, advise, recommend, 注意有无 sb.之间的区别,动词后加 sb. 的用法见第1

allow, permit, forbid, 注意有无 sb.之间的区别,动词后加 sb. 的用法见第1 )

admit, deny,

delay, put off, postpone,

enjoy, feel like,

stand, resist,

miss, escape, mind, finish, practise, consider, avoid, risk, imagine, appreciate,

keep ( on ), insist on,

cannot help, give up, be worth, succeed in, set about,

stick to, look forward to, pay attention to, be used to, contribute to, make a contribution to, object to, make an objection to, devote… to, get down to 其中的 to 都是介词

5.动词后既可以加 to do 也可以加 doing

V + to do/ doing: continue ( 基本没有区别 ), go on to do 表示继续做另外一件事,doing 表示继续做同一件事 ,  

                 begin/start ( 基本没有区别 ), stop ( to do 表示停下来去做另外一件事, doing 表示停止做某事 ) , 

                 like, love, prefer 1. doing 表示平常的习惯爱好,而 to do 表示具体某一时间的喜好。 2. 动词前加 would 时只能与 to do 搭配。3. enjoy 只能与 doing 搭配, 见第4点),

                 dislike, hate ( doing 表示平常的习惯爱好,而to do 表示具体某一时间的喜好 )

                 remember, forget, regret ( to do表示要去做的事情,doing 表示曾经做过的事情)

                 mean to do 表示打算做某事,doing 表示意味着做某事),

                  try to do 表示努力做某事,doing 表示尝试做某事)

6. 动词 have 的用法搭配

have: have sth. to do ( 有事情需要自己做 )

have sth. to be done ( 有事情需要别人做 )

have sb. do ( 让某人做某事,表主动 )

have sb. doing ( 让某人做某事,表主动,强调长时间做某事 )

have sb./sth. done ( 让某人/某物被怎么样,强调被动 )

7.动词看、听的用法搭配

动词 see, look at, notice, watch, observe, hear, listen to 的用法以 find 为例:

find: find sb. do 发现某人做了某事 当改成被动时,do 要变为 to do, be found to do

find sb. doing 发现某人正在做某事

find sb. done 发现某人被怎么样了,表被动

catch/ feel/ smell sb. doing 抓到/ 感觉到/ 闻到某人正在做某事

8.动词help 的用法搭配

help ( to ) do  帮助/有助于做某事

help sb. ( to ) do 帮助某人做某事

can’t help ( to ) do 不能帮助做某事

can’t help doing 情不自禁做某事

9. 动词需要的用法搭配

动词need, want, require 需要解时,主动时加to do, 被动时即可以加to be done 也可以加doing, 此时的 doing 表示被动意义。